martes, 19 de septiembre de 2017

Comentario sobre el caso Fontevecchia vs. Argentina


Reporte elaborado por Oswaldo Ruiz-Chiriboga. 

En la Revista Pensamiento Penal (2017) se publicó un artículo de Víctor Abramovich titulado "Comentarios sobre 'Fontevecchia', la autoridad de las sentencias de la Corte Interamericana y los principios de derecho público argentino". Este es el resumen del artículo: 

"Cuando a partir del caso “Fontevecchia” la Corte Suprema cambió su postura acerca de la obligatoriedad de las sentencias de la Corte Interamericana de Derechos Humanos que condenan al Estado argentino a dejar sin efecto decisiones judiciales, se generó un precedente que podría tener consecuencias en el valor constitucional de los tratados de Derecho Humanos. Este artículo reflexiona sobre algunas implicancias con respecto a esta cuestión".

viernes, 15 de septiembre de 2017

iCourts Visiting programme announcement

iCourts strongly encourages researchers – from PhD-students to tenured Professors – to visit iCourts and share their knowledge. Contributions may consist of published articles that credit iCourts, data-sharing, contribution to analysis, co-authorship with permanent iCourts staff, printed interviews with relevant people and other relevant documentation. Researchers with a particular interest in a closer association to iCourts may apply for an iCourts visitors grant. iCourts handle grant applications on an ad hoc basis, and offer the possibility of applying for research visits up to 1 year. All incoming applications will be evaluated after April 1st, and October 1st each year. For more information about the Visiting programme and how to apply, please see this link http://jura.ku.dk/icourts/visiting-programme/

viernes, 8 de septiembre de 2017

Artículo sobre el consenso como método interpretativo usado por la Corte IDH


Reporte elaborado por Oswaldo Ruiz-Chiriboga.

En la revista Canadian Journal of Comparative and Contemporary Law (Vol. 3, No. 1, 2017), Lucas Lixinski publicó el artículo titulado “The Consensus Method of Interpretation by the Inter-American Court of Human Rights”. Este es el resumen del artículo: 

“This article examines treaty interpretation based on consensus, or the idea that legal or political practice that is not directly related to a treaty can be used in interpreting it, or at least in granting more discretion to States Parties. The practice of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights, contrasted with the well-settled practice of the European Court of Human Rights, reveals that consensus interpretation plays an important role in entrenching the legitimacy of international human rights courts. The Inter-American Court’s practice seems to rely on consensus when it supports a progressive, teleological interpretation of human rights. The article argues that this selective engagement eliminates the legitimacy-building possibilities of the consensus method of interpretation, but that the Inter-American Court, in seeking legitimacy not from States Parties, but other stakeholders, does not seem particularly concerned with legitimacy costs (even if it probably should)”.

sábado, 26 de agosto de 2017

Artículo sobre la Corte IDH y la protección de territorios indígenas y recursos naturales


Reporte elaborado por Oswaldo Ruiz-Chiriboga. 

En la revista International Journal on Minority and Group Rights (Vol. 24, No. 3, 2017, pp. 229-253), se publicó un artículo de Alejandro Fuentes titulado “Protection of Indigenous Peoples’ Traditional Lands and Exploitation of Natural Resources: The Inter-American Court of Human Rights’ Safeguards”. A continuación el resumen del artículo. 

Abstract: “The Inter-American Court of Human Rights (I-ACtHR) has developed remarkable jurisprudence for the protection of the right to communal property of indigenous and tribal communities with respect to the ancestral lands that they possess and traditionally used-natural resources, in order to guarantee their cultural and economic survival in the Americas. This article critically analyses the legal regime applicable for the protection of the right to traditional communal property of indigenous and tribal peoples in the Americas, its connection with their right to cultural identity, and the right to a dignified life. In particular, it pays specific attention to the right to effective participation and consultation of the indigenous communities affected; the obligation to share reasonable benefits with these communities; and the elaboration of a prior environmental and social impact assessment of any development investments, exploration or extraction plans.”